Antimony is represented by the symbol Sb (from the Latin word Stibium) has been known since ancient times. It is mainly found underground in sulfite form called Stibnite (Sb2S3). As a metal, it is used as a component for lead batteries. The main compound produced with antimony metal is antimony trioxide (ATO or Sb2O3), used as a flame retardant additive in the plastic industry (cables, pipes, technical textile, floor & wall coverings…).
Antimony trioxide is also used as:
- Refining agent for the glass industry
- Opacifying agent for the ceramic and enamel industry
- Additive in the manufacturing of some inorganic pigments
- Catalyst in the production of polyethylene terephthalate